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GEN 499 week 4 critical thinking Quiz (all correct)

GEN 499 week 4 critical thinking Quiz (all correct)

 

GEN 499 week 4 critical thinking Quiz

 

Question 1.

 

<11{1[3(02)02]}> Catherine goes to her local movie theater only to see romantic comedies. Since Catherine did not go to the movies yesterday, there is not a romantic comedy playing at her local theater.
The reasoning above is flawed because the evidence:

 

   

[removed]does not suggest that Catherine goes to see every romantic comedy that plays at her local movie theater.

 

   

[removed]implies that Catherine is uninterested in most types of movies.

 

   

[removed]does not indicate whether Catherine watches only romantic comedies at home.

 

   

[removed]suggests that Catherine’s local movie theater hardly ever shows romantic comedies.

 

 

 

 

Question 2.

 

<21{1[1(13)13]}> A recent study of 100 employees from six departments of a major corporation found 65% to be sleep deprived. The researchers concluded that the majority of corporate employees are sleep deprived.
The researcher’s conclusion is suspect because it:

 

   

[removed]assumes that corporate employees are more sleep deprived than other people.

 

   

[removed]is based on evidence that is statistically impossible.

 

   

[removed]fails to describe the effects the sleep deprivation has.

 

   

[removed]relies on a sample that is too small to represent the entire corporate workforce.

 

 

 

 

Question 3.

 

<21{1[2(24)24]}> The average height of members of the high school basketball team is six feet, three inches. Jerry is on the high school basketball team, so Jerry must be taller than six feet.
The argument above is flawed because it confuses

 

   

[removed]Jerry with other members of the team

 

   

[removed]the members of one team with the members of another team

 

   

[removed]people who are six feet three inches tall for people who are exactly six feet tall

 

   

[removed]an average for the individuals that make up that average.
 

 

 

 

 

Question 4.

 

<11{1[1(19)19]}> All sages provide both wisdom and inspiration. Since Dasha’s speech contained wisdom and greatly inspired her audience, Dasha is a sage.
Which one of the following points out the flaw in the argument above?

 

   

[removed]Just because Dasha is a sage doesn’t mean that she is always wise and inspirational.

 

   

[removed]Just because Dasha’s speech provided wisdom and inspiration doesn’t mean that it provided more wisdom than inspiration.

 

   

[removed]Just because Dasha satisfied two requirements of being a sage doesn’t necessarily mean that she satisfies all the requirements of being a sage.

 

   

[removed]Just because Dasha provided wisdom and inspiration in a speech doesn’t mean that all sages use speeches to provide wisdom and inspiration.

 

 

 

 

Question 5.

 

<21{1[1(01)01]}> Since Jessica’s participation in local politics increased significantly after she joined her school’s political science club, it is clear that her involvement in that club led her to take an interest in politics.
The argument above is flawed because:

 

   

[removed]it doesn’t say which political issues Jessica is interested in.

 

   

[removed]it states that the only purpose of the political science club is to spark an interest in politics.

 

   

[removed]it misuses the word “significantly.”

 

   

[removed]it’s possible that an interest in politics caused Jessica to join the political science club.

 

 

 

 

Question 6.

 

<11{1[4(17)17]}> Mrs. Orlof teaches two history classes, one in the morning and one in the afternoon. Yesterday she gave the same test to both classes. Anyone who failed the test must take a retest. Since a greater percentage of students who took the morning test failed the test than students who took the afternoon test, more of Orlof’s morning history students than afternoon history students will have to take the retest.
The conclusion above is not necessarily valid because:

 

   

[removed]more students in the morning class may have passed the test than failed the test.

 

   

[removed]some students may have been absent from both classes.

 

   

[removed]some of the students who passed the afternoon test may have received information about the test from morning students.

 

   

[removed]more students may have taken the test in the afternoon than in the morning.

 

 

 

 

Question 7.

 

<21{2[2(12)36]}> Career counselor: It is best for artists to build a practical and safe career that will guarantee them a secure income, and then pursue their art in their spare time. That way, they will be motivated to work hard at their day jobs to support their art making, and both their career and their art will thrive.
Which one of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument?

 

   

[removed]Some forms of art making are expensive and require a good deal of money to pursue.

 

   

[removed]Many people who aren’t artists prefer to pursue practical and safe careers.

 

   

[removed]Having the time and money to make art doesn’t guarantee an artist commercial success.

 

   

[removed]Splitting time between two pursuits in life often causes both to suffer.

 

 

 

 

Question 8.

 

<11{2[3(11)35]}> Some politicians claim to support the environment in speeches they make around the country. However, to get to those speeches they ride in gas guzzling, pollution creating private planes. They therefore clearly don’t believe a word of what they say and are actually making the environmental problem worse.
Which one of the following, if true, would best weaken the argument above?

 

   

[removed]Some of the politicians try to hide the fact that they travel by private plane to their speeches around the country.

 

   

[removed]Most people who hear the politicians’ speeches on the environment are unconvinced by their arguments.

 

   

[removed]A majority of voters surveyed agree that politicians sometimes make society’s problems worse.

 

   

[removed]Improvements to the environment brought about through the politicians’ public support of environmental regulations more than offset the damage done to the environment by the politicians’ private planes.

 

 

 

 

Question 9.

 

<11{2[3(02)26]}> Aron: The two double A batteries in my CD player are dead, so the CD player doesn’t work. My television remote control, which also uses two double A batteries, works fine. So if I move the two batteries from my television remote control to my CD player, the CD player will definitely work.
Aron’s argument is most strengthened if which one of the following is true?

 

   

[removed]Aron inserted the current batteries in his television remote control two months before he inserted the current batteries in his CD player.

 

   

[removed]The amount of energy required to power the CD player is not greater than the amount of energy needed to power the television remote control.

 

   

[removed]Aron has used his television remote control more times than he has used his CD player since inserting the current batteries into each device.

 

   

[removed]Double A batteries provide less energy than either C batteries or D batteries.

 

 

 

 

Question 10.

 

<11{3[1(07)43]}> As part of its reorganization, company X created five new positions within the company. However, after the reorganization was complete, company X had fewer employees than before the reorganization.
Which one of the following, if true, would best explain the result described above?

 

   

[removed]Some employees of the company were switched into new departments to fill the new positions.

 

   

[removed]Some employees who quit over dissatisfaction with the reorganization were immediately replaced by new hires.

 

   

[removed]The new positions were created to respond to a greater demand for company X’s products.

 

   

[removed]Some employees were laid off as a number of old positions were eliminated in the reorganization.

 

 

 

 

Question 11.

 

<11{3[1(03)39]}> Last season at City Opera House, far more people attended opera X than opera Y. However, opera Y generated far greater net profits for City Opera House than did opera X.
Each of the following could directly explain the result indicated above EXCEPT:

 

   

[removed]a difference in the ticket prices of operas X and Y.

 

   

[removed]a difference in the operating expenses of operas X and Y.

 

   

[removed]a difference in the subject matters of operas X and Y.

 

   

[removed]a difference in the merchandise sales associated with operas X and Y.

 

 

 

 

Question 12.

 

<11{4[2(06)50]}> Choose the pair of words/phrases among the choices that exhibits the same logical relationship as the words/phrases in the following pair.
gavel : judge

 

   

[removed]baton : conductor

 

   

[removed]symphony : composer

 

   

[removed]stop sign : driver

 

   

[removed]ruler : math

 

 

 

 

Question 13.

 

<21{4[1(10)54]}> Choose the pair of words/phrases among the choices that exhibits the same logical relationship as the words/phrases in the following pair.
heavy : weight

 

   

[removed]dry : wet

 

   

[removed]feather : scale

 

   

[removed]hot : temperature

 

   

[removed]color : size

 

 

 

 

Question 14.

 

<21{4[3(02)46]}> Choose the pair of words/phrases among the choices that exhibits the same logical relationship as the words/phrases in the following pair.
conductor : orchestra

 

   

[removed]skater : rink

 

   

[removed]teacher : principal

 

   

[removed]producer : movie

 

   

[removed]director : cast

 

 

 

 

Question 15.

 

<11{5[1(05)61]}> Memmie: The greater the population near a restaurant, the more potential customers it has and the greater chance its popularity will spread through word-of-mouth. O’Sullivans Restaurant just opened in the very densely populated town of Redville, so its chances for success are great.
Sam: But the more people living in an area, the more restaurants there are in that area, so the more competition each one faces. There are twelve other restaurants serving the people of Redville.
Memmie and Sam seem to disagree about whether:

 

   

[removed]O’Sullivans will fail in its first few months.

 

   

[removed]O’Sullivans will serve a different kind of food than the other restaurants in Redville.

 

   

[removed]the high population of Redville ensures that O’Sullivan’s has a great chance for success.

 

   

[removed]word-of-mouth about a restaurant can spread in a densely populated town like Redville.

 

 

 

 

Question 16.

 

<21{5[1(03)59]}> Barney: Last winter, I slipped on the outside stairs of PineTree Café and broke my leg. My fall was caused by ice on the stairs that the restaurant failed to remove. Since the restaurant clearly did not provide a safe atmosphere for its customers, I am justified in taki


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